How to succesfuly grow onions in southern Nigeria and make a lot of money.

how to grow onions in the southern nigeria and make money

Note: This article has been updated with latest facts and figures on 29th May, 2022.

We all know onions and how it's highly demanded in the market, but everybody thinks it only grows in the northern part of Nigeria. I want to tell you that onion actually grows in the south. TESTED and PROVEN.


You need to make a bed just like every other vegetable.
If you are planting in the dry season let the bed be very low so that you don't need to water too much and your onion will be able to get the little water it needs to grow.

Apply poultry droppings 2 weeks before planting.

Onion is not directly planted into the field. So you need to nurse it and transplant to the well prepared bed in 15 days.

Here's what you need for the nursery

1. Improved onion seeds suitable for the period your sowing. Note that onions are sensitive to day-lenght. So you be to choose the right variety. I can help you choose the best variety for the time and location you're planting. 

2. Dried poultry droppings


Step 1. 
Make a raised bed of 1m wide and any length of your choice.

Step 2.
Mix the poultry droppings together with the soil and water to make it moist.

Step 2. Make horizontal lines of 1m wide on the bed at 10m apart then sprinkle your onion seed exactly on the lines making sure the seeds are not overcrowded and cover it with little dry soil.

Step 3. Wet every evening but don't allow water to touch the line you planted the seeds.

If you follow the procedures above then you onion seedlings should germinate not later than 10 days. 

They will be nursed for up to 20 to 30days after  germination, before field transplant.

Onions are in high demand in Nigeria and the price soars during dry season.

One can make a lot of money growing onions commercially with irrigation.

The choice of onion variety matters a lot when it comes to commercial farming / agribusiness. This is because a farmer has to calculate the input costs and the output costs in order to maximize profits.

Optimum temperature for onions development is between 15 to 30 degrees Celsius, whereas temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius is favourable for seedling growth.

Generally, high temperatures favor bulbing and curing. However, in cases of extremely high temperatures, maturity is hastened and bulbs do not grow to maximum size hence lowering yields.

Fertile, well drained soils are good for plant growth. The optimum pH is between 6 to 7.5.

For irrigation, drip or overhead irrigation can be used.

Onions at bulbing stage need a substantial amount of water. Excessive moisture, however, must be avoided during growing season.

Avoid too much application of fresh manure, as this will cause the plant to develop thick neck and too much leaf at the expense of bulb formation. Fresh manure could also host important insect pests.

Onions maintenance practices in the field

1. Weeding can be done by use of hand or herbicides.

2. Use raised beds in growing out onions. 

This improves drainage and prevents damping-off disease.

3. Mulching

Maintains and enriches soil organic content, prevents soil borne diseases and suppresses weeds.

4. Crop rotation

This is important to avoid build-up of pests and diseases e.g. nematodes, Fusarium and Sclerotium

5. Insect pests control

Important insect pests that attack onions include; Thrips, Whiteflies and Aphids and would require insecticide applications.

Thrips are more severe in dry seasons. Hence one should keep the plants well irrigated at such seasons.
One can reduce pests’ populations by pulling out weeds since they act as alternate hosts for the pests.

Chemical applications can also be made i.e. insecticide.

Plants extracts have also been used and prove to be effective. example is Neem and Garlic extracts. These are sprayed on attacked plant parts. The plants extracts should be tested for phytotoxicity before any applications are made.

6. Agro-chemical Applications.

Fungicides: This can be classified as curative or protective fungicides.
Protective fungicides are chemicals which have the Active Ingredient
Mancozeb e.g. Milthane, Oshothane, Dithane, e.t.c. This is applied when weather conditions would likely to favour development of the disease i.e. blights.

Curative fungicides are applied to plants that are already infected by the fungal diseases e.g. Pink Rot, Purple blotch and blights (early & late blight).
In this case, applications are made on the infected regions i.e. bulbs, stems.

Other agro-chemicals to apply includes insecticides and foliar fertilizer.

7. Harvesting time
harvesting and curing of onions

Harvesting can be done as from 90 to 150 days after sowing. The onions are ready for harvest when the leaves collapse. The necks can be twisted and its leaves bent over and left to dry for 10 to 12 days or less depending on whether conditions.
The crop is pulled out by hand and kept for some days in the field with bulbs covered with leaves.
This is called windowing/curing process.
Leaves are then cut off and the mature bulbs stored.

So here we are. If you are passionate about venturing into agribusiness then onion might be the wonder crop to start with.

Have any questions or you want to purchase onions seeds from us, please reach out to me fast on +2349057453155(Call/WhatsApp) 


  1. Thanks for this article. my problem is the curing process where one has to leave the harvested onions in the farm for some days. this is because of thieves.Is there any other methods that can be applied to get the same result.

    1. You can alternatively gather and cure in a secured place

    2. how did you sale the onions seeds for planting

  2. thanks for this but i was wondering if onions will still thrive if planted alongside corn

    1. The corn will shade the onions.. However, adequate spacing can be provided

  3. Thanks for this article.How can one prevent theft during the curing process.Is there any other methods that can be applied to get the same result.

  4. You can alternatively gather and cure in a secured place

  5. will onion thrive in loamy kinda soil.

  6. Thanks for sharing,I appreciate. Please, can we add sand or soil to the mixture of poultry dropping and sawdust in the tray for nursery before planting the onion seeds.

  7. Hi!
    This is a great article. I love it. Please, how and where can one procure the onion seed?

  8. Please where in the south can I go for on hand learning on how to grow onions. The explanation is ok but I need practical learning. Thank you.

  9. Thanks a lot for the lecture. But please where can one buy hybrid onion seed or seedlings?

  10. Thanks for the article sir, am about putting it to practical what i have learnt here, please where can i get the hybrid seed?.

  11. Please where can I get the seed to buy

    1. We sell onions seeds. We can waybill to your location. Contact us via this website contact page.

    2. Please send me your quotation for onions

  12. Thanks you so much.

    Where can I get onions hybrid seedings?

  13. This is great. But please where can one get the onions seed for that.

  14. Thanks for this article but what type of soil does Obvious need

  15. please, how can get onions seed or nursery? please any contact?

  16. Am inn please be my coach.
    Need urgent reply

    1. I have onions seeds already can I still plant this December with irrigation system. Please I need an urgent reply. Thanks

    2. You can plant with irrigation if the variety adapts to this period of time. Note that onions is photoperiodic

  17. Thanks for the article. Where can one source onions seedlings that are not GMOs?

  18. I noticed a lot of the comments was on onions seeding. Not all onions seeds can be planted at anytime of the year. It is very important you do more research into Onions farming practically before you venture. Yes it is crop that return investment also one that can end one up in tears .
    Also we have our own Nigeria onions seeds which are not GMOs.

    1. I think I've said that.. Each onion variety is suited to a particular period.

  19. Anyone who needs onion seeds should please contact us through out contact page. Our phone numbers are there.

    We have onions suited for different planting times.

  20. What is the spacing distance for planting onions?

  21. Thank you for this wonderful, eye opening post. But when exactly (the month) when one can pant onion in the west or south west, and how can I get hybrid seed to buy.Thanks

  22. Pls where can i get the onion seeds in southeast?

  23. With the recent stupid but nice blockage of onions from the northern parts to the southern parts of the country, now is the time to take this article more seriously!

  24. In the absence of saw dust, what is the substitute for the nursery stage?

  25. When on commercial hectares of farming. Nusery can't be done. Is it advisable to go on direct planting of onion seed.

  26. Am Ogunsola not unknown. When is the response to my comment on the hectares farmland.

  27. Please do you sell other vegetable seeds?

  28. Thanks for the information.
    Please what is the spacing for onion

  29. Thanks for the information.
    Apart from the onions we are using to cook does it have seed like rice?

  30. Please sir, where can I get onion seed.

  31. Can you please indicate the onion yield per acre or hectare in Southern Nigeria.

  32. I need practical knowledge of this Onion cultivation. Thanks

  33. Thanks you sir i have 20000 thousand can i get the seeds buy please let me know sir

  34. Please can this method of Onion planting work in Kwara State?

  35. Thanks coach can it grow here in the east (enugu)


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