Chicken feed accounts for more than 80 per cent of the cost of poultry production. Right now, the increasing cost of feeds is driving many poultry farmers out of business. Making your own feeds would cut down costs while increasing the profit margin of your poultry farming.

Today, I'm going to show you how to make your own chicken feed.

 Success in the poultry farming business mostly depends on feeding quality feed and feed formulation system. For proper growth, egg production and good health, poultry birds require energy. In order to obtain desired growth rate, you must have to purchase and provide highly nutritious poultry feed. Except adequate and quality feeding, you can’t run your business properly.

Also Read: How to start profitable poultry farming and make millions

As a poultry farmer, you should always produce and sell fresh and healthy birds and quality eggs. For producing quality eggs and meat you have to feed your birds quality feed. This will also help to get maximum returns from your poultry farming business.

  Also read: Mistakes to avoid if you want to succeed in poultry farming

If you are planning or you are already into poultry farming and you wish to hit it big, then your poultry birds feeding is something you should take very seriously. Some farmers are now reducing feed rations served to their birds due to the high cost of feeds. Some of the feeds out there are adulterated. 
As a result, many poultry farmers in different parts of the country want to know how they can make their own feeds in order to cut down costs of production.
Feeds account for more than 80 per cent of production costs. A farmer who manages to bring down this cost to about 60 to 50 per cent will make good returns in the poultry business.

 In the past, the conventional thinking has been that farmers cannot make their own feeds, and especially to feed foreign breeds of chickens. But I came to understand that this mindset has constrained efforts of the more enterprising farmers who have the needed skills to make their own feeds.

 In fact, some farmers are already formulating their own high quality feeds on the farm and do not rely on commercial feeds whose cost keep rising every day. Besides, the quality of some feeds is so poor that poultry farmers using such feeds incur unnecessarily huge losses. Farmers who formulate and make their own feeds at home or farm save an average of N,1000 for every 50kg bag of chicken feed, which is a great save for those doing commercial production.

Now I'm going to show you how to make your own feeds and cut down production costs.

 Formulating a 50 kg bag of broiler feed

Broilers have different feed requirements in terms of energy, proteins, and minerals during different stages of their growth.Therefore, it is important that farmers adapt feed rations to these requirements for maximum production. Young broilers have a high protein requirement for the development of muscles, feathers, etc. As the broilers grow, their energy requirements for the deposit of fat increase and their protein requirements decrease. They require high protein content in their starter rations than in the grower and finisher rations. Broilers should have a feed that has between 22 – 24 per cent digestible crude protein, DCP.

The following guidelines can help the farmer to make the right feed at each stage of growth:
  • 7.2kg of whole maize
  • 11.9kg of maize germ
  • 9.5kg of wheat pollard
  • 7.2kg wheat bran
  • 4.3kg of cotton seed cake
  • 3.4kg of sunflower cake
  • 2.1kg of fishmeal
  • 1.4kg of lime
  • 2.5kg of soya meal
  • 45g of bone meal
  • 10g of grower PMX
  • 5g of salt
  • 5g of coccidiostat 
  •  5g of Zincbacitrach
 Broiler starter feed (1-4 weeks)
  • 28.6kg of whole maize
  • 8.6kg of fishmeal
  • 10kg of soya bean meal
  • 2.9kg of lime
  • 70g of premix
Amino acids to add
  •  35g of lysine
  •  35g of threonine

 How to prepare layers chick mash (1-4 weeks)

Since the chicks are growing, chicks require feed with Digestible Crude Protein (DCP) of between 18 to 20 per cent. Amino acids are important nutrients in all feeds in order to make a complete feed for all animals. For hybrid chickens, the addition of amino acids is very important to maintain a balanced diet for fast growth. The following ingredients can be used to make a 50 kg bag of chick mash:

  • 22.5kg of whole maize
  • 6.5kg of wheat bran,
  • 5.0 kg of wheat pollard,
  • 12 kg of sunflower (or 12 kg of linseed),
  • 1.1 kg of fishmeal
  • 1.25 kg of lime
  • 30g of salt
  • 20g of premix
Amino acids to be added
  • 70g of tryptophan
  • 3.0g of lysine
  • 10g of methionine
  • 70 g of threonine
  • 50g of enzymes
  • 60g of coccidiostat
  • 50g of toxin binder

 To make a 50 kg bag growers feed (1 to 8 weeks), it is very necessary that pullets or young layers should be provided with a feed having a protein content of between 16 and 18 per cent. Such feed makes the pullet to grow fast and prepare for egg laying.

Note:  Layers’ feed should never be fed to chickens younger than 18 weeks as it contains calcium that can damage their kidneys (they can develop kidney stones), which interfere with egg production and also shorten their lifespan. Grit (sand) should be provided to growers that are not on free range to aid in digestion.

 Making a 70 kg bag of layers’ mash (18 weeks and above)
  • 24.3kg of whole maize
  • 8.6kg of Soya
  • 5.7kg of fishmeal
  • 7.1kg of maize bran, rice germ or wheat bran
  • 4.3 kg of lime
  • 180g premix
Amino acids to be added
  • 70g lysine
  • 35g methionine
  • 70kg threonine
  • 35g tryptophan
  • 50g toxin binder
Note: Layer feed should contain a Digestible Crude Protein (DCP) content of between 16-18 per cent. Calcium is important for the formation of eggshells (Laying hens that do not get enough calcium will use the calcium stored in their own bone tissue to produce eggshells). Layer feed should be introduced at 18 weeks.

 Important tips on feed preparation

  • When making home made feed rations, it is important to do experimental trials. Isolate a number of chickens, feed them and observing their performance. If the feed rations are right, the broilers will grow fast and the layers will increase egg production (at least 1 egg after every 27 hours).
  • Farmers should be very careful with the quality of feed ingredients or raw materials. Poultry, especially chickens are very sensitive to feeds that contain mycotoxins which are present in most of the raw materials. Never use rotten maize to make chicken feed.
  • Buy quality fishmeal from reputable companies. If omena(silver cyprinid) is used the farmers must be sure of its quality; most of the omena in the open-air markets may be contaminated.
  • It is very important to mix all the micronutrients (amino acids) first before mixing with the rest of the feed.
  • For mixing, farmers are advised to use a drum mixer (many welding artisans can make one). Never use a shovel to mix feed because the ingredients will be unevenly distributed.
  • Never use rotten raw materials like maize to make feed. Rotten materials might contain mycotoxins which are detrimental to poultry health.
  • Small scale families can contribute resources to the making of feed to ensure high-quality feed materials are used and also reduce costs.
Note: To improve on the feed quality, farmers making their own feeds should always have it tested to ensure the feed is well balanced.You can take your feed samples to agro-chemical industries for testing to ensure the feeds are balanced nutritionally.

Are you having problems producing your own poultry feed please tell us using the comment box. We love comments.


  1. Enter your can

    I get the stage of the feed

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. How does one get the raw materials for the feed? Which market in Lagos can I get them cheaper?

    1. look out for a market where they sell feeding stuffs

  4. This is a beautiful article mr eze, please how do I get in contact with you, I'm extremely interested in this feed business... Thank you

    1. Yeah I'm interested in the business too. Let put head together an start this and look how we can get the material and get things done. Thanks for your understanding. From Joseph please contact my email we can exchange contact through there thanks

    2. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

  5. This is a article mr eze, very nice please how do I get in contact with you, I'm extremely interested in this feed business... Thank you

    1. Look above for "Contact Us" Or click here

  6. How does someone get the raw materials for the feed? Which market in Lagos can I get them cheaper?

  7. i want to start my own business how can i get this book of feed formula

  8. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

  9. Pls I need more explanation on the raw materials and mixing formula

  10. Can anyone help me out with boiler finisher feed formula.

  11. Gud day Sir pls how can I get raw materials to produce my feed

  12. Very informative, thank you. But im not sure what kind of lime is that to be used. Is it limestone or something else?

    Also fishmeal..? I'm closed😂😂

  13. Please, have try everywhere in Lagos I don't know where to get some of the raw materials. Pls help out.....ur student


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